A Recent study from Perth's Telethon Institute for Child Health Research shows that a diet high in foods typical of the standard Western diet was associated with more than double the risk of having an ADHD diagnosis, compared with a diet low in the Western pattern.
A 'healthy pattern' is a diet high in fresh fruit and vegetables, whole grains, and fish -- it is generally higher in omega-3 fatty acids, folate, and fibre. A 'Western pattern' is a diet generally higher in total fat, saturated fat, refined sugar, and sodium.
When the study looked at specific foods, having an ADHD diagnosis was associated with a diet high in these five food categories:
- Fast foods
- Processed meats
- Red meat
- High fat dairy products